Tuesday, 21 February 2017

Food Habits that can save you from Heart Attack

By on 09:14
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The GDA with Ado-Odo Ota Prince, Omo Oba Damilare Oloyede takes their meal at a social event in Abeokuta

All the foods we eat consist mainly of three types: carbohydrates, proteins, and fat.  This is not to deny the importance of vitamins and mineral salts but for the purpose of this discussion, we will limit our discussions to the first three.

Shredded beef could make a good health filler
Carbohydrates are the foods that provide energy for most of the activities of the body, including all physical and mental activities. The body therefore needs more carbohydrates than any other food type.  You can say that carbohydrates are the most important food type and they are the commonest and cheapest.  This is probably nature’s way to ensure that the all important carbohydrates are plentifully and easily available.  The food stuffs that contain more of carbohydrates include cassava, yam, grains like rice and corn, plantains and potatoes.  They constitute the staple food for most Nigerians.
Shrimp Stew does lots of good to your heart

Proteins are the foods that are used primarily for regeneration of new tissues, so they are needed for growth in children and for repair of worn out or damaged tissues in both adults and children.  Proteins are obtained mainly from animal sources, such as meat, fish, eggs, chicken, and milk.  You can easily observe that protein-rich foods are generally scarce and more expensive. People tend to value protein foods more and those who can afford it often eat a lot of them.  Certain vegetable foodstuffs, such as the beans family, are also a good source of protein.
Some Big Babes having their meal at a social event

Fat is mainly in the form of oils and like carbohydrates, it is a source of energy.  The same amount of fat produces more than two times the amount of energy than carbohydrates.  One gram of fat produces over nine calories while the same amount of carbohydrates or proteins produces only four calories.  There are both animal as well as vegetable sources of fat.

Although we talk of a particular foodstuff being a source of carbohydrates, protein or fat, most foodstuffs usually contain some of each of the three food types. Hardly any food stuff contains only one food type; it is therefore a matter of a particular food stuff being mainly a source of one food type or another.  That is, when we talk of sources of food types, it is a matter of a particular foodstuff containing more or carbohydrates, proteins or fat, hardly anyone contains only a particular food type.
Some Party fun seekers after their meal

Although we have discussed the functions of each food type in the body, it should be noted that all food types can be converted to glucose or sugar, which is the end product of carbohydrates.  Glucose is the form in which sugar is used to provide energy in the body.  Any glucose in excess of what the body needs is usually changed to fat for storage in different parts of the body.  The body cannot store proteins; proteins consumed in excess of the individual’s daily requirements are normally converted into glucose for energy or fat for storage. Therefore, proteins consumed in excess of the body daily requirements are ultimately changed to fat.
Corn Stew also good for your hear with a bit of red wine

You can see therefore that any food type that is eaten in excess of body requirements will end up as fat to be stored somewhere in the body.  So, whether you consume only the highly valued expensive protein foods or cheap carbohydrates, once you eat more than what your body needs, you will end up being overweight or obese.  It is particularly dangerous to put on extra weight from animal protein sources, as later explained in the next section.
Basmati Rice good for your heart with little Dodo

(From the Book; “Early and Sudden Death; the Price of Affluent among Nigerians”. Read “Overweight & the Science of Heart Attack” tomorrow on Asabeafrika)

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